Varanasi a spiritual and religious city is located in north India and popularly known as the cultural capital of India. This holy city is a great center of Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism widely invites pilgrimage tourists from all over the world.
India, the land of endless history, culture and life style has always been attracted and impressed the tourists worldwide. There are many tourist destinations which are having their own importance. Varanasi or Banaras is situated on the banks of the holy river Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of India. This is one of the oldest living cities in the world. The city grip anyone attention but keep much importance for Hindu, Buddhist and Jain followers. The main attractions of the place include Hindu temples, ashrams, muths, Ghats, Jain temples and Buddhist Stupas etc.
The temples of Varanasi excite devotes of all over the world. Millions of tourists come here to make offering and singing hymns in tribute of God and Goddesses. The evening aarti or prayers held in the different temples here are so blissful and hence no one come here want to miss it. The whole environment is filled with the sounds of bells, chanting and mantras. Some of the Hindu temples worth to see are Durga Temple, Tulsi Manas temple, Bharat Mata Temple, Vishwanath Temple, Sankat Mochan Temple and more.
The Ghats of Ganga are the places where several activities including religious and rituals activities are practiced. Going down towards the stairs take you to the river front where you can take holy dip and offer prayers to the God Surya (Sun). Other ghats in Varanasi are Hanuman ghat, Dandi ghat, Manikarnika ghat, Assi ghat, Bachraj ghat, Dasaswamedha ghat and more.
The beautiful monuments situated in Varanasi offer you immense architectural delight. Some of the eye-catching monuments are Ram Nagar fort, tomb of Lal Khan, Gyan Kupor, Jantar Mantar and more. Banaras Hindu University is the world famous education centre where from many well known scholars, scientists and artists etc have pursued their education.
Varanasi is rich in religious and cultural aspects. Glimpse of all the religions including Hindu, Buddhist and Jain can be done coming here. Various festivals and fairs are organized here with great enthusiasm and religious jauntiness. Many people come every year to attend fairs and festivals in the city.
Varanasi Fairs and Festivals
Budddh Purnima – This festival is celebrated with gaiety to remember the birth of Lord Buddha. A large fair is organized here on this occasion.
Hanuman Jayanti Janmotsav – The birth of Lord Hanuman is celebrated here at Sankat Mochan Temple for 5 days. Both cultural and musical programs are organized here by artists.
Mahashivratri – This festival is celebrated to worship Lord Shiva. All the Shiv temples including Mahamritunjaya temple, Kashi Vishwanathan temple and Shiv Mandir are decorated here.
Dhrupad Mela – This mela is celebrated during March for 5 days. This musical festival invites artists to perform their best.
The Varanasi city experiences hot and humid summer climate with temperature of about 45° C. The rainy season has the heavy rainfall. Winter is pleasant with fall in temperature about 7° C. The monsoon usually comes in late June or early July. The most favorable time to visit this holy place is between October to April.
Varanasi is well connected from all over the world by different modes of transportations.
There is flight from Bangkok and Kathmandu to come Varanasi. Bharatpur airport connect this city from major cities of India including Agra, Delhi, Mumbai, Lucknow, Jaipur, Khajuraho and more. The major airlines that provide their services are Jet airways, Indian airlines, Spice jet, Jet airways, Sahara airlines and Kingfishes airlines etc.
The Kashi and Varanasi junction provide good rail connectivity from Varanasi to other parts of India including Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata etc. Rajdhani express from Delhi and Kolkata and other trains from Mughalsarai station are provided to the passengers.
Varanasi is also well connected from other parts of India by road. There is regular private bus services provided to the tourists here. Hiring personal taxies is another option for them.